Nodle Network (非官方)白皮书中文版

The Nodle Network 官方白皮書:
https://docsend.com/view/gjtn4jc

== 免责声明 ==

Nodle Network (非官方)白皮书中文版。免责声明:全程使用 Google 翻译,并以自身理解加以润饰,本人非专业翻译人员,不是专业码农,本人不对翻译内容,词意,条款,释义,做精准翻译保证。此文件仅提供了解 Nodle Network 项目方运行,请勿用於投资项目参考依据,本人非官方代表,仅参与 Nodle Cash 手机挖矿,与官方无利益之往来,特此声明。

The Nodle Network:
A New Economic Model to
Free the Mobile Internet
A decentralized connectivity network and payments infrastructure for the Internet of Things
The Nodle Network:
一种新的经济模式
免费移动互联网
物联网的去中心化连接网络和支付基础设施

Early Map of the Nodle Network in Q2 2019
By Nodle
February 2021 Version 3.83
2019年第二季度Nodle网络的早期地图
Nodle製作
2021年2月版本3.83

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US Securities Law Disclosures

This whitepaper is for informational purposes only and does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy Nodle Cash or any other securities of Nodle, a Cayman Islands exempted company (“Nodle” we,” “us” and “our”) Any offering of Nodle Cash will be made only in accordance with applicable law

The distribution of this whitepaper in certain jurisdictions may be restricted by law, and persons into whose possession this document comes should inform themselves about, and comply with any such restrictions Any failure to comply with these restrictions may constitute a violation of applicable law.

Certain the information included in this whitepaper has been obtained from sources that Nodle believes to be reliable, however no representation, express or implied. is given or made as to the accuracy or completeness of any information provided by a third party.

This whitepaper includes expectations, intentions, estimates and other information that is forward-looking In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “could,” “expect, “believe, “estimate, “potential.” “will.” “would.” “anticipate” and variations of these terms and similar expressions, or the negative of these terms or similar expressions You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements in this whitepaper, which are not historical facts Our actual results performance or achievements may differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements, except to the extent required by applicable law.

美国证券法披露

本白皮书仅供参考,并不构成出售Nodle Cash或开曼群岛豁免公司Nodle Cash或Nodle的任何其他证券的要约或要约(“ Nodle”我们,“我们”和“我们的“)任何Nodle Cash的发行都只能根据适用法律进行

本白皮书在某些司法管辖区的分发可能受到法律的限制,并且拥有此文档的人员应了解并遵守任何此类限制。任何不遵守这些限制的行为都可能构成对适用法律的违反。

本白皮书中包含的某些信息是从Nodle认为可靠的来源获得的,但是没有任何明示或暗示的陈述。是针对第三方提供的任何信息的准确性或完整性而给出或做出的。

本白皮书包括预期,意图,估计和其他前瞻性信息在某些情况下,您可以使用诸如“可能”,“可能”,“期望”,“相信”,“估计”之类的词来识别前瞻性陈述。这些术语和类似表达的“可能”,“将会”,“预期”及其变体,或者这些术语或类似表达的否定,请注意不要过度依赖本白皮书中的前瞻性陈述,这不是历史事实我们的实际结果表现或成就可能与这些前瞻性陈述所表达或暗示的有实质性差异,除适用法律要求的范围外,我们不承担更新任何前瞻性陈述的义务。

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Cayman Islands Risk Disclosure

This White Paper is being provided by Nodle Cash for informational purposes only and is not a binding legal agreement. The purchase and supply of Nodle Cash (as defined below) shall be governed by written terms and conditions, which is a separate document that will be provided to purchasers of the Nodle Cash This White Paper may be amended from time-to-time.

All Nodle Cash purchasers will have an opportunity to review potential risks involved in purchasing Nodle Cash as contained in the risk disclosures schedule of our standard coin purchase terms and conditions which each purchaser must enter into in order to purchase and receive Nodle Cash. We strongly recommend that each purchaser review those risk disclosures in detail before purchasing Nodle Cash tokens.

In addition, on 23 April 2018, the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA) issued an advisory on the potential risks of investments in Initial Coin Offerings and all forms of virtual currency. CIMA stated that Nodle Cash purchasers should thoroughly research virtual currencies, digital coins, tokens and the companies or entities behind them in order to separate fiction from facts For further information on the CIMA advisory. Nodle Cash purchasers are encouraged to visit the following link

开曼群岛风险披露

Nodle Cash提供的本白皮书仅供参考,不是具有约束力的法律协议。 Nodle Cash的购买和供应(定义如下)应受书面条款和条件的约束,这是一个单独的文件,将提供给Nodle Cash的购买者。本白皮书可能会不时进行修订。

所有Nodle Cash购买者都将有机会查看购买Nodle Cash所涉及的潜在风险,这些风险包含在我们的标准硬币购买条款和条件的风险披露时间表中,每个购买者都必须订立这些条款和条件才能购买和接收Nodle Cash。我们强烈建议每个购买者在购买Nodle Cash代币之前,先详细审查那些风险披露。

此外,2018年4月23日,开曼群岛金融管理局(CIMA)就初始代币发行和所有形式的虚拟货币投资的潜在风险发布了一份咨询报告。 CIMA表示,Nodle Cash购买者应彻底研究虚拟货币,数字硬币,代币及其背后的公司或实体,以将虚构事实与事实区分开来。有关CIMA咨询的更多信息。鼓励Nodle Cash购买者访问以下链接

https:/www.cima.ky/upimages/noticedoc/1524507769PublicAdvisory-VirtualCurrencies_1524507769.pdf
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Hong Kong Law Disclosure

This White Paper is being provided by Nodle Cash for informational purposes only and is not an offer to sell nor is it a binding legal agreement to purchase Nodle Cash or tokens The purchase and supply of Nodle Cash (as defined below) shall be governed by written terms and conditions, which is a separate document that will be provided to purchasers of the Nodle Cash This White Paper may be amended from time-to-time

All Nodle Cash purchasers will have an opportunity to review potential risks involved in purchasing Nodle Cash as contained in the risk disclosures schedule of our standard coin purchase terms and conditions which each purchaser must enter into in order to purchase and receive Nodle Cash. These terms and conditions are not set out in this White Paper, and we do not advise or encourage any person to purchase Nodle Cash or Nodle Cash tokens under any such terms and conditions. We strongly recommend that each purchaser review those risk disclosures in detail before purchasing Nodle Cash tokens

Certain of the information included in this whitepaper has been obtained from sources that Nodle believes to be reliable; however, no representation, express or implied, is given or made as to the accuracy or completeness of any information provided by a third party The details of this White Paper are subject to further changes, and we shall have no obligations to update you of such changes.

香港法律披露

本白皮书由Nodle Cash提供,仅供参考,不是出售要约,也不是购买Nodle Cash或代币的具有约束力的法律协议。Nodle Cash的购买和供应(定义如下)应以书面形式进行管理。条款和条件,这是一份单独的文件,将提供给Nodle Cash的购买者。本白皮书可能会不时修订

所有Nodle Cash购买者都将有机会查看购买Nodle Cash所涉及的潜在风险,这些风险包含在我们的标准硬币购买条款和条件的风险披露时间表中,每个购买者都必须订立这些条款和条件才能购买和接收Nodle Cash。这些条款和条件未在本白皮书中阐明,并且我们不建议或鼓励任何人在任何此类条款和条件下购买Nodle Cash或Nodle Cash代币。我们强烈建议每个购买者在购买Nodle Cash代币之前详细审查那些风险披露

本白皮书中包含的某些信息是从Nodle认为可靠的来源获得的。但是,对于第三方提供的任何信息的准确性或完整性,我们不作任何明示或暗示的陈述或暗示。本白皮书的详细信息可能会随时更改,我们没有义务向您更新此类信息变化。

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Foreword

On October 31″, 2008, the Bitcoin white paper from Satoshi Nakamoto was released. The genesis block on the Bitcoin network started to be mined on January 3rd, 2009 at 6:15 pm GMT through a proof of work consensus algorithm. The first transaction occurred on January 12th inside block #170 at 3:30 am GMT. Bitcoin has gone on to become the biggest success story in digital money.

The first people to mine coins were engineers and early initiated people, which represented a relatively small group. After some time, mining became subject to oligopolist dynamics favoring groups with access to inexpensive capital and electricity; “pools” of miners. A few people control the handful of mining pools on the Bitcoin Network. Today, more than 95% of the mining power is in the hands of nine well-funded central actors.

Nodle upends that dynamic by allowing anyone with a smartphone to participate in the ‘mining’ of Nodle Cash (NODL). Through this, Nodle provides better atomization, and faster adoption of cryptocurrencies by removing the advantage afforded to capital-intensive mining syndicates. Anyone with a smartphone can participate in the Nodle Network by sharing network connectivity.

前言

在2008年10月31日发布了中本聪(Satoshi Nakamoto)的比特币白皮书。通过工作量证明共识算法,比特币网络创世区块于2009年1月3日格林尼治标准时间下午6:15开始开采。发生在1月12日格林尼治标准时间凌晨3:30在 #170区块内,比特币已成为数字货币中最大的成功案例。

最早开采硬币的人是工程师和早期创业的人,代表了一个相对较小的群体。一段时间后,采矿业成为寡头垄断的动力,有利于能够获得廉价资本和电力的群体。矿工的“池”。少数人控制着比特币网络上的少数矿池。如今,超过95%的采矿权掌握在9个资金充裕的集中矿场者手中。

Nodle通过允许任何拥有智能手机的人参与Nodle Cash(NODL)的“挖掘”来颠覆这种动态。通过这种方式,Nodle通过消除为资本密集型矿业集团提供的优势,提供了更好的分散,和更快地采用加密货币。拥有智能手机的任何人都可以通过共享网络连接来加入Nodle网络。

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Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) is growing exponentially, with estimates reaching 55 billion connected devices by 2025, and demand for device-to-cloud and device-to-device connectivity is growing at an equal or greater pace. We believe the current approach to loT connectivity is centralized, difficult to deploy, expensive to operate, and fragmented by geographic particulars. This pattern suits incumbent vendors who seek to extract value from their heterogeneous networks and IP but fails to solve many important problems and thus loses out on the immense value

The Nodle Network is designed to offer a global, easy to use, decentralized communications network for IoT devices. The Nodle networking stack is a software solution to monetize hardware and loT devices.

With Nodle, Network Contributors share their communications resources to enable connectivity for the network. These Contributors become part of a shared, interoperable “Citizen Network,” and are incentivized to scale the network through a Proof of ConnectivityTM algorithm. This Proof of Connectivity algorithm is based on the number of base stations, network bandwidth, and geographic coverage. The Nodle Network is deployed via the addition of software running on wireless devices such as smartphones, routers, fixed base stations, drones, vehicles, and other connected devices. Through an economy of connectivity and decentralized infrastructure, the Nodle Network provides a low cost, global, scalable connectivity solution enabling many services to be built on top of the Network.

概念

物联网(IoT)呈指数级增长,估计到2025年将达到550亿个互联设备,设备到云端,设备到设备,彼此连接的需求也在以相同或更高的速度增长。我们认为,当前的物联网连接方法是中心化,难以部署的,操作成本高昂的,并且由于地理位置的特殊性而零散。这种模式适合寻求从其异构网络和IP提取价值,但无法解决许多重要问题,现有供应商因此失去巨大价值的商业价值

Nodle网络旨在为物联网设备提供一个易于使用的全球分散式通信网络。 Nodle网络堆栈是一种用于通过硬件和物联网设备获利的软件解决方案。

使用Nodle,网络贡献者可以共享其通信资源,以实现网络连接。这些贡献者成为共享的,可互操作的“公民网络”的一部分,并被激励通过“连通性证明”算法来扩展网络。此连通性证明算法基于基站的数量,网络带宽和地理覆盖范围。通过添加在无线设备(例如智能手机,路由器,固定基站,无人机,车辆和其他连接的设备)上运行的软件来部署Nodle网络。通过经济的连接性和分散的基础架构,Nodle Network提供了一种低成本的全球可扩展连接解决方​​案,使许多服务都可以构建在网络之上。

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Vision

Our vision for the Nodle Network is to build a decentralized data network providing connectivity and processing of micro-payments for the Internet of Things (“IoT”). The Nodle Network begins by providing delay-tolerant loT connectivity and other services on top of the underlying infrastructure and the Nodle networking stack.

Secure loT is of the utmost importance moving forward Nodle is actively engaged with chipset manufacturers to build secure elements within loT devices, enabling cryptographic signing of payment transactions and secure transmission of data on the Nodle Network. Nodle envisions a world where machines autonomously pay each other, sharing connectivity, data, and services

Internet Connectivity for All.
Through distributed connectivity and utilizing existing infrastructure, we believe data costs and barriers to entry for connectivity can be reduced. We believe the Nodle Network is the first step in connecting billions of devices.

愿景

我们对Nodle网络的愿景是建立一个分散的数据网络,以提供连接性和处理物联网(IoT)的小额付款。Nodle网络首先在底层基础之上提供耐延迟的loT连接和其他服务,基础架构和Nodle网络堆栈。

安全的传输是最重要的,向前发展Nodle积极与芯片组制造商合作,在loT设备中构建安全元件,从而实现支付交易的加密签名并在Nodle网络上安全地传输数据。 Nodle设想了一个世界,在这个世界上,机器可以自动相互付款,共享连接,数据和服务

所有人的互联网连接
通过分布式连接和利用现有基础架构,我们认为可以降低数据成本和连接障碍。 我们认为Nodle网络是连接数十亿台设备的第一步。

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Introduction

The Nodle Network is a distributed network that provides delay-tolerant connectivity and services for IoT devices. The Nodle Network is a pure software solution that leverages the existing global smartphone infrastructure to provide network coverage and services. Deployed today using the Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) wireless interface, the Nodle Network is designed to support any wireless protocol. We anticipate that it will support other existing and upcoming wireless protocols.

The Nodle Network is use case- data-, and wireless standard-agnostic. This means that it can be used for relaying any kind of data such as beacons from Bluetooth Low Energy devices or 5G packets for many different use cases ranging from simple connectivity services to specialized use cases like asset tracking. The Nodle Network brings together Contributors (supply), which we refer to herein as “Network Contributors,” and subscribers (demand), which we refer to herein as “Network Subscribers or simply as “Subscribers to create an economy of connectivity.

介绍

Nodle网络是一个分布式网络,可为IoT设备提供延迟容忍的连接和服务。 Nodle Network是一个纯软件解决方案,它利用现有的全球智能手机基础架构来提供网络覆盖范围和服务。今天,Nodle网络使用蓝牙低功耗(BLE)无线接口进行了部署,旨在支持任何无线协议。我们预计它将支持其他现有和即将到来的无线协议。

Nodle网络是用例数据和无线标准不可知的。这意味着它可以用于中继各种数据,例如来自低功耗蓝牙设备的信标或5G数据包,用于许多不同的用例,从简单的连接服务到特殊的用例(例如资产跟踪)。 Nodle网络将贡献者(供应商)(我们在本文中称为“网络贡献者”)和订户(需求)汇集在一起​​,在本文中我们将其称为“网络订户或简称为“创建连接经济性的订户”。

Architecture
The Nodle Network is composed of many different elements interacting together in order to connect loT devices to the cloud while generating revenues for every contributor in the process.

架构
Nodle网络由相互交互的许多不同元素组成,以便将loT设备连接到云,同时为流程中的每个贡献者创造收入。

Definitions
loT Devices & Data Sources
loT Devices or Targets are any devices that can be connected to the Nodle Network through the resources available on the Contributors. Typically, IoT devices would embed a simple BLE chipset.

物联网设备和数据源
物联网设备或目标是可以通过贡献者上可用资源连接到Nodle网络的任何设备。通常,物联网设备将嵌入一个简单的BLE芯片组。

Network Contributors
The Network Contributors are living at the edge of the network and are comprised of all the devices that can interact with the loT device and act as a gateway for the Nodle Network, such devices are referred to as Edge Nodes In our current rollout, most Edge Nodes are made of smartphones, thus the Nodle Network can be described as a crowdsourced IoT network. To become a Network Contributor, one simply has to embed the Nodle Software Development Kit (Nodle SDK) on devices that the contributor has access to. Contributors can be individuals, application developers, hardware manufacturers, or autonomous IoT devices that are seeking ways to monetize their connectivity. All Network Contributors are rewarded for participating in the Network (more details on the reward formula can be found in this paper below). Unlike traditional advertising SDK solutions that usually associate user devices with static advertising IDs and collect personally identifiable information (PII), the Nodle SDK provides a privacy-centric alternative to monetize an app and does NOT collect PII from Edge Nodes. Once a user authorizes the Nodle SDK to run on their device, the device becomes an Edge Node by joining the Nodle Network and adding its local resources (such as BLE/ Wifi / mobile interface, GPS sensor, CPU & storage) to the resources of the global network. Network participation consumes little energy and requires minimal interaction.

* Covered by US Patent No. 10,448,238, with Patents Pending in the United States, Europe, China, Brazil, Japan, and South Korea

网络贡献者
网络贡献者生活在网络的边缘,由可与loT设备交互并充当Nodle网络网关的所有设备组成,此类设备在我们当前的部署中被称为边缘节点,大多数Edge节点由智能手机组成,因此Nodle网络可以描述为众包物联网网络。要成为网络贡献者,只需将Nodle软件开发工具包(Nodle SDK)嵌入到贡献者可以访问的设备上。参与者可以是个人,应用程序开发人员,硬件制造商或寻求物联网货币化方法的自治IoT设备。所有网络贡​​献者都将因参与该网络而获得奖励(有关奖励公式的更多详细信息,请参见下面的本文)。与通常将用户设备与静态广告ID关联并收集个人身份信息(PII)的传统广告SDK解决方案不同,Nodle SDK提供了一种以隐私为中心的替代方案,可以通过应用获利,并且不从边缘节点收集PII。用户授权Nodle SDK在其设备上运行后,通过加入Nodle网络并将其本地资源(例如BLE / Wifi /移动接口,GPS传感器,CPU和存储)添加到以下设备的资源中,该设备将成为边缘节点:全球网络。网络参与消耗很少的能量,并且需要最少的交互。

*受美国专利10,448,238的保护,在美国,欧洲,中国,巴西,日本和韩国的专利正在申请中

Network Subscribers
Network Subscribers are entities that utilize the services of the Nodle Network to affect communication or related services to targeted IoT devices for some purpose, Network Subscribers interact with the Nodle Network by paying a fee that is used to pay for services developed by Network Developers and incentivize the Network Contributors

网络订户
网络订户是利用Nodle网络的服务出于某种目的影响到目标IoT设备的通信或相关服务的实体,Network Subscribers通过支付用于支付由网络开发商开发的服务的费用来与Nodle网络进行交互并激励网络贡献者

Network Validators
The Validators constitute the backend of the Nodle Network Together, they coordinate the work at the edge, settle the transaction on the Nodle Chain, and deliver the services to the Subscribers. Since the mechanics of the Network are tightly tied to the economic incentivization they are all part of the same layer that forms the basis of the Nodle Chain. More details on Validators are found in the section Nodle Architecture down below

网络验证器
验证器共同构成Nodle网络的后端,他们协调边缘的工作,在Nodle链上结算交易,并将服务交付给订户。由于网络的机制与经济激励紧密相关,因此它们都是构成Nodle链基础的同一层的一部分。有关验证器的更多详细信息,请参见下面的Nodle体系结构部分。

Network Developers
The Network Developers are technical users of the Nodle Network and its surrounding services. They develop custom applications that rely on the network or run on top of it.

网络开发人员
网络开发人员是Nodle网络及其周围服务的技术用户。他们开发依赖于网络或在网络之上运行的自定义应用程序。

Validator Inner Workings
The role of a Validator is two folds
1. Verify and manage the data reported by Edge Nodes.
2. Maintain a distributed ledger (blockchain) called the Nodle Chain and used to handle settlements between the network members and operate the Nodle Cash token.

Validators are trusted parties, not everyone can become a Validator. In order to become a Validator, we propose the following requirements for a node:

1. Be vetted by Nodle to be a candidate to become a Validator. In order to guarantee the security and performance of the Nodle network in its infancy, Nodle will choose the nodes that are eligible to become a Validator.
2. Be selected by the community of Nodle Cash token holders. Even once Nodle vets potential applicants, the Nodle Cash token holders still have to decide and choose their own Validators. In order to do so, token holders can “vote” for their preferred Validators by delegating some or all of their tokens to an applicant. The applicants with the most tokens delegated to their application will be chosen to be a Validator.

This system is somehow similar to traditional Validator selection mechanisms such as DPOS and its derivatives. Votes and Validator selection are handled through on-chain voting.

验证者内部工作
验证器的作用有两个方面
1.验证和管理边缘节点报告的数据。
2.维护一个称为Nodle Chain的分布式分类帐(区块链),用于处理网络成员之间的结算并操作Nodle Cash代币。

验证者是受信任的各方,并非每个人都可以成为验证者。为了成为验证者,我们对节点提出以下要求:

1.被Nodle审核成为候选者。为了保证Nodle网络在初期阶段的安全性和性能,Nodle将选择有资格成为Validator的节点。
2.由Nodle Cash代币持有者社区选择。即使Nodle审查了潜在的申请人,Nodle Cash代币持有者仍必须决定并选择自己的验证者。为此,令牌持有者可以通过将部分或全部令牌委派给申请人来“投票”为其首选的验证者。拥有最多委派给其申请的代币的申请人将被选为验证者。

该系统在某种程度上类似于传统的验证器选择机制,例如DPOS及其派生类。投票和验证人的选择通过链上投票进行。

Covered by U.S. Patent https://patents.google.com/patent/US20180359626A1/ https://en.bitcoinwiki.org/wiki/DP0S

A Validator runs a software suite on its own cloud environment or datacenter. It exposes four interfaces described below
验证程序在其自己的云环境或数据中心上运行软件套件。它公开了以下所述的四个接口

Blockchain
The Blockchain interface is handling all operations related to the Nodle Chain. The Nodle Chain is built on top Parity Substrate’, it is upgradable without requiring any kind of hard fork. Its codebase is highly modular in order to make it easy to maintain and modify. The Nodle Chain is responsible for handling transactions performed with the Nodle Cash token such as payments or votes. It is also core to loT specific features such as a distributed Public Key Infrastructure system.
区块链
区块链接口正在处理与Nodle链相关的所有操作。 Nodle链建立在Parity Substrate的顶部,无需任何硬叉即可升级。它的代码库是高度模块化的,以便于维护和修改。 Nodle链负责处理使用Nodle Cash令牌执行的交易,例如付款或投票。它也是特定功能(如分布式公钥基础结构系统)的核心。

Edge Coordinator
This component is essentially the Nodle Network’s point of contact for the edge nodes that are associated with this validator and as such is responsible for coordinating those edge nodes. Coordinating refers to pushing specific configuration down to the Nodle SDKs, managing the upload and download channels and processing the received data by forwarding them to the data enclave. The edge coordinator provides in actionable view of the network to the other validators’ components
边缘协调员
该组件本质上是与该验证器关联的边缘节点的Nodle Network接触点,因此负责协调这些边缘节点。协调是指将特定配置下推到Nodle SDK,管理上传和下载通道,以及通过将接收到的数据转发到数据区域来处理接收到的数据。边缘协调器以可行的方式向其他验证者的组件提供网络视图

Data enclave

The role of this component is to securely store all the data in a local database as well as enforcing strict access control policies on who may or may not access the data. The data enclave uses a separate data processing and storage backend for refining the collected data such as triangulating the position of a specific device It also exposes its own public API for allowing other components or entities to access the stored data in various ways (querying, downloading or performing specific computations and fetching the results) To protect the API, an entity may access the stored data only if it is either the current or another validator on the Nodle Network (for instance some transactions may require accessing precise data packets)

数据飞地
该组件的作用是将所有数据安全地存储在本地数据库中,并针对可能访问或不访问数据的人员实施严格的访问控制策略。数据区域使用单独的数据处理和存储后端来完善收集的数据,例如对特定设备的位置进行三角剖分。它还公开了自己的公共API,以允许其他组件或实体以各种方式(查询,下载)访问存储的数据。或执行特定的计算并获取结果)为了保护API,实体只有在Nodle网络上是当前或另一个验证者的情况下,才可以访问存储的数据(例如,某些事务可能需要访问精确的数据包)

Service Provider
The service provider exposes a public API that is used by Subscribers to access the services available on this validator node. Typically. the service provider will query the data enclave on this current validator or may require to query the data from another validator on the Nodle Network in order to fulfill the service and deliver the result back to the subscriber Each request and delivery must be part of a transaction that needs to be settled on the blockchain.

服务提供者
服务提供者公开供订阅者使用的公共API,以访问此验证器节点上可用的服务。通常。服务提供商将查询此当前验证器上的数据隔离区,或者可能要求从Nodle网络上的另一个验证器查询数据,以便完成服务并将结果返回给订户。每个请求和传递都必须是事务的一部分需要在区块链上解决。

Nodle Chain
The Nodle Chain is a core component of the Nodle Network, it is in charge of supporting the Nodle Cash token used for payments between every party along with other loT centric features which will be Viu Sonio described below

Nodle Chain
Nodle链是Nodle网络的核心组成部分,它负责支持用于在各方之间进行支付的Nodle Cash令牌以及其他以loT为中心的功能,这些功能将在下文中介绍。

Payments
Just like most Blockchain the Nodle Chain has its own native token: the Nodle Cash token. Nodle Cash is used to pay for network fees and to serve as a currency between the different parties of the Nodle Network Subscribers are expected to pay the network to connect the devices so that it can then compensate the Edge Nodes, all of these transactions are done in Nodle Cash. Additionally Nodle Cash can be used with various services operated on the chain and described in the next sections, it also serves the purpose to represent and weigh votes in order to make decisions.
付款方式
就像大多数区块链一样,Nodle链也有其自己的本机令牌:Nodle Cash令牌。 Nodle Cash用于支付网络费用,并用作Nodle网络不同方之间的货币。预期用户需要支付网络连接设备的费用,以便随后可以补偿边缘节点,所有这些交易均已完成。 在Nodle Cash中。 此外,Nodle Cash可以与链上运行的各种服务一起使用,并在下一部分中进行介绍,它还可以用来代表和衡量投票权以便做出决策。

Certificates
The Nodle Chain supports the management of cryptographic certificates through what’s called a Public Key Infrastructure. Due to its reliance on the chain’s state as a single root of trust it is possible to easily control or revoke such certificates. It is envisioned for these certificates to be used inside loT devices in order to considerably upgrade their level of security. Such certificates could be used for authentication, tampering or access control and open new use cases for the whole industry. Coupled with W3C’s Verifiable Credentials” and Decentralized Identifiers, they are a critical piece of a more robust identity system for humans and machines.

Additionally, we have been exploring the use of such certificates for other kinds of use cases such as the certification of medical test results, which could be highly relevant in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic.

证明书
Nodle链通过所谓的公钥基础结构来支持加密证书的管理。 由于它依赖于链条状态作为唯一的信任根,因此可以轻松控制或吊销此类证书。 可以设想在loT设备内部使用这些证书,以显着提高其安全级别。 此类证书可用于身份验证,篡改或访问控制,并为整个行业打开新的用例。 结合W3C的“可验证凭据”和分散式标识符,它们是对人机更为强大的身份系统的重要组成部分。

此外,我们一直在探索将此类证书用于其他类型的用例,例如医学检验结果的证明,这在Covid-19大流行之后可能具有很高的相关性。

Smart Missions
In a future release of the Nodle Chain we will support the creation of smart contracts made in Web Assembly (WASM for short). Any developers will be able to create their own applications running on the chain itself. However, because Nodle is composed of many components interacting together it would only make sense for this feature to improve them all. Smart contracts developed by developers will be able to be linked to some interactions that will have to be performed by Edge Nodes, we call these Smart Missions. A mission is an arbitrary task that a subset of Edge Nodes has been commissioned to perform, this could be upgrading the firmware of an loT device by staying next to it for two minutes, locating a lost device in an uncovered area… Smart Missions can be created with their own logic code and reward mechanisms, as chosen by the developers. We expect this to open new use cases and processes for loT applications as well as make certain operating tasks more cost efficient and easier to perform.

智能任务
在将来的Nodle Chain版本中,我们将支持在Web Assembly(简称WASM)中创建智能合约的创建。任何开发人员都将能够创建自己在链上运行的应用程序。但是,由于Nodle由相互交互的许多组件组成,因此只有将此功能加以改进才有意义。开发人员开发的智能合约将能够链接到边缘节点必须执行的某些交互,我们称之为“智能任务”。任务是一项任意任务,已委托边缘节点的一个子集执行,这可能是通过将loT设备的固件停留两分钟来进行升级,将丢失的设备定位在未覆盖的区域中……智能任务可以使用开发人员选择的具有自己的逻辑代码和奖励机制的软件来创建。我们希望这将为物联网应用程序打开新的用例和流程,并使某些操作任务更具成本效益且更易于执行。

Advanced Governance

The Nodle Chain is upgradeable, which means that its code can be changed without needing to fork the chain’s state It also supports a permissioning mechanism where some features are reserved to a specific entity called the root The root is allowed to perform privileged actions such as upgrades. In order to protect such system from abuses the Nodle Chain supports an innovative governance system structured in three chambers, or committees:

-The Root Committee chooses the members of every committee and has maximum privileges on the chain
-The Technical Committee is in charge of pushing upgrades and performing simple fixes under the watch of the Root Committee, its actions are always delayed by 48 hours to let the Root Committee enough time to veto them
-The Financial Committee is in charge of the company fund and can choose how to allocate them

高级治理
Nodle链是可升级的,这意味着无需更改链的状态即可更改其代码。它还支持许可机制,其中某些功能保留给称为root的特定实体。允许root执行特权操作(例如升级) 。 为了保护此类系统不受滥用,Nodle Chain支持一个创新的治理系统,该系统由三个商会或委员会组成:

-根委员会选出每个委员会的成员,并在链上享有最大特权
-技术委员会负责在根委员会的监督下推动升级并执行简单的修复,其操作始终被延迟48小时,以使根委员会有足够的时间对其进行否决
-财务委员会负责公司资金,可以选择如何分配资金

Interoperability
The Nodle Chain being built on Parity Substrate it would be possible for it to become a Parachain” By doing so it would become possible for non Nodle users to use the Nodle Chain capabilities without leaving their existing ecosystem. We strongly believe in this optionality as the Nodle ecosystem could be used to power other chains with a whole set of loT related features, services and tools.

互通性
Nodle链建立在奇偶校验基板上,有可能成为Parachain。”这样,非Nodle用户就有可能在不离开现有生态系统的情况下使用Nodle链功能。我们坚信这种可选择性作为Nodle生态系统可用于通过一系列与loT相关的功能,服务和工具来为其他链提供动力。

Nudle Chain’s Path to Decentralization
Today the Network is composed of two components: a decentralized ledger and a centralized oracle handling the interactions with the outside world. The Ledger handles most tasks related to security, authentication and tokenomics. The oracle has the role of exposing the loT data to the decentralized world and also interface with traditional business customers. Because we try to support any existing IoT devices and protocols we need to have the oracle verify non cryptographic data.

Nudle Chain的去中心化之路
如今,网络由两个部分组成:分散的分类帐和处理与外界交互的集中式预言机。 分类帐处理与安全性,身份验证和令牌经济学有关的大多数任务。 oracle的作用是将loT数据公开给分散的世界,并与传统的商业客户进行交互。 因为我们尝试支持任何现有的IoT设备和协议,所以我们需要让oracle验证非加密数据。

As we continue building the Network, we expect to see IoT devices that sign their data in a cryptographic way. This requires firmware to be integrated with manufacturer and IoT device’s management tools. When it happens we longer need an oracle, as data is verified cryptographically.

1. A decentralized way to connect loT devices that sign their data in a cryptographic way
2. integrated with manufacturers and device’s management tools in a connectivity / loT as a service fashion
3. We no longer interface with non cryptographic data (non trivial to verify) and thus no longer need an oracle

随着我们继续构建网络,我们期望看到以加密方式对数据进行签名的IoT设备。 这需要将固件与制造商和IoT设备的管理工具集成在一起。 当发生这种情况时,我们将不再需要一个oracle,因为数据是通过密码验证的。
1. 以分散方式连接以加密方式签名其数据的loT设备
2. 与制造商和设备的管理工具集成在一起,以连通性/即点即用的方式提供服务
3. 我们不再与非加密数据交互(非琐碎的验证),因此不再需要预言

Privacy & Security

Data Associated with Edge Nodes

The Nodle Network does NOT collect phone numbers, name, contacts, pictures, or any personally identifiable information about an Edge Node In order to be compliant with regulations, a random identifier (RID) is assigned to each Edge Node and is changed periodically for identity obfuscation. This list of RIDs are kept on the device storage in case the owner wants to query information related to data collection as part of GDPR compliance.

For the purpose of performing asset tracking of ioT devices, the Nodle network may collect the geolocation of the edge node at the time of sensing which would then be associated with the above temporary random identifier. However, since this RID changes over time, and without the list of RIDs stored on the edge node, the Nodle Network is unable to assess or recreate the geolocation history of a specific edge node as there is no relationship between two successive RIDs.

隐私与安全
与边缘节点关联的数据
Nodle Network不会收集有关边缘节点的电话号码,姓名,联系方式,图片或任何可个人识别的信息为了符合法规,随机标识符(RID)被分配给每个边缘节点,并会定期更改以进行标识 混淆。 如果所有者希望查询与数据收集相关的信息(作为GDPR合规性的一部分),则此RID列表将保留在设备存储中。

为了执行ioT设备的资产跟踪,Nodle网络可以在感测时收集边缘节点的地理位置,该地理位置然后将与上述临时随机标识符相关联。 但是,由于此RID随时间变化,并且没有存储在边缘节点上的RID列表,因此Nodle Network无法评估或重新创建特定边缘节点的地理位置历史记录,因为两个连续RID之间没有关系。

For specific use cases a Nodle Network Subscriber may want its devices to have a non randomized which data. To enable this possibility while still retaining the privacy features that are one of the Nodle Network’s pillars, we developed a second kind of IDs that are unique and static but do not expose private data to the members of the Nodle Network. We call them Unique Static IDs (USIDs). These IDs are generated by hashing the MAC address of the edge node with the customer’s developer key and replace the RIDs when starting the Nodle SDK; this is an opt-in only system for specialized use cases. If a Nodle Network Subscriber enables these kinds of IDs when configuring the SDK, it will be able to filter the data it collected by this device-specific USID. Since the Nodle Network only sees the hashed ID, it is not possible for any member of the network to retrieve the MAC address used to generate this ID. However, a Nodle Network Subscriber can use a list of its own MAC addresses and its developer key to regenerate the USIDs used by its edge nodes and thus know precisely which loT devices were detected by its Edge Nodes.

对于特定的使用情况,Nodle网络订户可能希望其设备具有非随机的哪些数据。为了实现这种可能性,同时仍保留Nodle Network的支柱之一的隐私功能,我们开发了第二种ID,这些ID是唯一且静态的,但不会向Nodle Network的成员公开私有数据。我们称它们为唯一静态ID(USID)。这些ID是通过用客户的开发人员密钥对边缘节点的MAC地址进行哈希处理而生成的,并在启动Nodle SDK时替换RID;这是针对专用用例的仅适用于加入的系统。如果Nodle Network Subscriber在配置SDK时启用了这些类型的ID,它将能够过滤此设备特定的USID收集的数据。由于Nodle Network仅看到哈希ID,因此网络的任何成员都不可能检索用于生成此ID的MAC地址。但是,Nodle网络订户可以使用其自己的MAC地址及其开发者密钥的列表来重新生成其边缘节点使用的USID,从而精确知道其边缘节点检测到了哪些loT设备。

For the purpose of handing out rewards as part of the incentivization policy, all the data uploaded by an edge node to the Nodle Network are associated with a public key that is configured in the SDK. Note that there are no requirements for this public key to be unique to the device and most of the time; it is shared among many devices (sometimes in the order of millions). Multiple public keys may also be present on a single device (for instance if the Nodle SDK is embedded in multiple apps).

为了发放奖励作为奖励政策的一部分,边缘节点上载到Nodle网络的所有数据都与在SDK中配置的公钥相关联。 请注意,此公钥在大多数情况下都不是设备唯一的。 它在许多设备之间共享(有时数以百万计)。 单个设备上也可能存在多个公钥(例如,如果Nodle SDK嵌入在多个应用中)。

Data associated with IoT Devices
Data associated with IoT Devices are Mac Addresses, geolocation (at the time of sensing), broadcasted beacon and any protocol specific packets that are sent/received to/from an IoT device. Edge Nodes that interact with loT devices for the purpose of providing a service to third party Subscribers may collect any of the data above and send it to the Nodle Network, which may then forward them (after validation) to third party Subscribers as a part of a service agreement.

与物联网设备关联的数据
与IoT设备关联的数据包括Mac地址,地理位置(在感测时),广播信标以及向IoT设备发送/从IoT设备接收的任何协议特定的数据包。 为了向第三方订户提供服务而与loT设备进行交互的边缘节点可以收集上面的任何数据,并将其发送到Nodle网络,Nodle Network可以将它们(在验证之后)转发给第三方订户,作为其中的一部分。 服务协议。

Because currently the overwhelming majority of IoT devices have no embedded security features, the Nodle Network acts in effect as a trusted party on behalf of the loT devices and is responsible for implementing privacy features such as encryption and access control. The Nodle Network will only enable services with loT devices that are owned by a Subscriber and properly provisioned to the Nodle Network. The provisioning process requires including a proof of ownership for the targeted devices.

由于当前绝大多数IoT设备都没有嵌入式安全功能,因此Nodle Network实际上代表loT设备充当受信任方,并负责实现诸如加密和访问控制之类的隐私功能。 Nodle网络将仅通过订户拥有并已正确配置到Nodle网络的loT设备来启用服务。 供应过程要求包括目标设备的所有权证明。

We are actively working on developing new protocols to enhance the security of loT devices. For instance we introduced the concept of Cryptographic Identities for loT devices. Every manufacturer can use Nodle’s Public Key Infrastructure to link each of its loT devices to a cryptographic certificate. Such certificate could then be included inside a DID compliant document to represent a device’s identity. By relying on Hardware Security Modules or Secure Enclaves, it would be extremely convenient and secure to manage such cryptographic materials for loT manufacturers. This effectively removes the need for Nodle to act as a trusted party for devices integrating this scheme.

我们正在积极致力于开发新协议以增强loT设备的安全性。 例如,我们引入了用于loT设备的加密身份的概念。 每个制造商都可以使用Nodle的公钥基础结构将其每个loT设备链接到加密证书。 然后,可以将此类证书包含在符合DID的文档中,以表示设备的身份。 通过依赖硬件安全模块或安全保护区,为物联网制造商管理此类加密材料将极为方便和安全。 这有效地消除了Nodle充当集成此方案的设备的受信方的需要。

Data associated with Transactions on the Blockchain
The Nodle Chain writes and maintains a public ledger. All Nodle Transactions that are part of a Block are public, including payments between two wallets or a service-related transaction. All services agreements are described by a smart contract and so the public data being part of the transaction may change depending on the smart contract. As a rule of thumb, raw data containing sensitive information should always be kept private as part of the data enclave, and public transactions should only contain information related to agreement, wallets (public keys) and hashes of data when needed.

与区块链上的交易相关的数据
Nodle Chain编写并维护公共分类帐。 区块中的所有Nodle交易都是公开的,包括两个钱包之间的付款或与服务相关的交易。 所有服务协议均由智能合约描述,因此作为智能交易一部分的公共数据可能会根据智能合约而发生变化。 根据经验,包含敏感信息的原始数据应始终作为数据区域的一部分保持私有,而公共交易仅应在需要时包含与协议,钱包(公钥)和哈希相关的信息。

As an example, the following may constitute public transactions in the course of performing Nodle operations, this is neither exhaustive nor definite:
-A Buy order A payment made by a subscriber identified by its public key and a specific service smart contract
-A Delivery This refers to the acknowledgement receipt that a delivery was made by the Nodle Network to a subscriber as a part of a subscription
-A Reward: A payment made by the Nodle Network to a contributor as part of the incentivization scheme, a Reward is linked to a set of contributions. The raw data of the contributions are kept private and stored securely in the data enclave, only a single hash of all the data associated with the reward is included and can be checked by an edge node

例如,在执行Nodle操作过程中,以下内容可能构成公共交易,这既不是详尽无遗的,也不是明确的:
-A购买订单由订户通过其公钥和特定服务智能合约标识的付款
-A交付这是指由Nodle Network作为订阅的一部分向订户进行交付的确认收据
-A奖励:作为奖励计划的一部分,Nodle Network向捐赠者付款,奖励与一组捐赠相关联。 贡献的原始数据保持私有状态,并安全地存储在数据区域中,仅包含与奖励关联的所有数据的单个哈希,并且可由边缘节点检查

We are considering adding the support for Zero-nowledge proofs to the Nodle Chain to further protect the confidentiality of people’s keys, balances and transactions: We would do so in the future once such technologies are better understood by the industry.
我们正在考虑在Nodle链中添加对零知识证明的支持,以进一步保护人们的钥匙,余额和交易的机密性:一旦业界对此类技术有了更好的了解,我们将来会这样做。

Data associated with Smartphones in the Context of Contact Tracing
The Nodle Team has engineered a specific protocol for contact tracing named “The Whisper Tracing Protocol.” It has been documented in a paper available on the Coalition Network Foundation website and has now reached its 3rd version https://docsend.com/view/nis3dac
联系人跟踪中与智能手机关联的数据
Nodle团队设计了一种用于联系人跟踪的特定协议,称为“耳语跟踪协议”。 它已记录在Coalition Network Foundation网站上的一篇论文中,并且现已达到其第3版https://docsend.com/view/nis3dac

Audits and reviews
Nodle follows the highest security and coding standards possible when developing our network nodes code. This includes thorough code reviews, team phishing attack simulations, and fully inclusive unit testing. However, despite Nodle’s best efforts, the organization may miss critical bugs. To counter this Nodle will conduct regular audits of its codebase and establish a bug bounty program. Further documentation may elaborate potential attacks and mitigation strategies applied as they are discovered through our different security efforts.
审核和审查
在开发我们的网络节点代码时,Nodle遵循最高的安全性和编码标准。 这包括彻底的代码审查,团队网络钓鱼攻击模拟以及全面的单元测试。 但是,尽管Nodle尽了最大的努力,该组织仍可能会遗漏一些严重的错误。 为了解决这个问题,Nodle将对其代码库进行定期审核,并建立一个漏洞赏金计划。 进一步的文档可能会详细说明通过我们不同的安全努力而发现的潜在攻击和缓解策略。

Nodle Economy

A Native Currency for IoT

As Chris Dixon stated, cryptocurrencies can “enable the management and financing of open services”. Nodle is creating an open ecosystem that incentivizes people to deploy their own wireless infrastructure. Network Contributors are rewarded in Nodle Cash for their participation in the Nodle Network through a proof-of-connectivity algorithm. Nodle Cash is intended to incentivize Network Contributors at an early stage, creating network coverage for subscribers. Developing sufficient coverage to provide reliable service involves a “chicken and egg paradox There cannot be Network Subscribers without a network in which Network Contributors generate connectivity, and Network Contributors do not want to contribute to the Network without revenues from Network Subscribers
The Nodle Cash reward (the “Reward”) will be a function of the volume and type of data packets sent, the density of the Nodle Network, latency of transmitted data, and a difficulty coefficient. The reward formula will evolve with the network, the main parameters of the formula are listed below:

物联网的基准货币

正如克里斯·迪克森(Chris Dixon)所说,加密货币可以“启用开放服务的管理和融资”。 Nodle正在创建一个开放的生态系统,以激励人们部署自己的无线基础架构。通过贡献度证明算法,网络贡献者将获得Nodle Cash的奖励,以表彰他们对Nodle Network的参与。 Nodle Cash旨在在早期阶段激励网络贡献者,从而为订户创建网络覆盖范围。发展足够的覆盖范围以提供可靠的服务涉及“鸡和蛋的悖论”。没有网络订户,网络订户无法在其中产生连接,网络订户就无法为网络订户,而网络订户也不想在没有网络订户收入的情况下为网络做出贡献

Nodle Cash奖励(“奖励”)将取决于发送的数据包的数量和类型,Nodle网络的密度,传输的数据的延迟以及难度系数。奖励公式将随着网络的发展而变化,公式的主要参数如下:

V = Value of Packets transmitted through the Nodle Network: Packets that Subscribers have paid for will have a higher value than packets created by background loT devices. This value is calculated by the validation node and may depend on geography, types of data, and demand for data in a given geography which can be done manually for now and will be done automatically in future updates. For internet access service, the Edge Node is acting as a proxy and the volume of data transmitted is taken into account.
Lnd = Local Node Density: Represents the number of Network Contributors within a given geography. This acts as an incentive to deploy access points in areas with low Network coverage.
Lc = Latency: Incentivizes Network Contributors to deliver packets as quickly as possible. In areas where cellular data is expensive, WiFi offloading may be used, but at a lower Reward.
D = Difficulty coefficient: Increases the amount of effort required to earn one NODL. This will be based on time or the total number of access points.

V =通过Nodle网络传输的数据包的价值:订户已支付的数据包的价值将比由后台loT设备创建的数据包更高。此值由验证节点计算,并且可能取决于地理位置,数据类型和给定地理位置中的数据需求,这些可以暂时手动完成,并在以后的更新中自动完成。对于Internet访问服务,边缘节点充当代理,并考虑了传输的数据量。
Lnd =本地节点密度:表示给定地理区域内网络贡献者的数量。这可以激励在网络覆盖率较低的区域中部署接入点。
Lc =延迟:激励网络贡献者尽快传递数据包。在蜂窝数据昂贵的地区,可以使用WiFi卸载,但奖励较低。
D =难度系数:增加获得一个NODL所需的精力。这将基于时间或接入点总数。

Nodle Cash Distribution
Nodle Cash has a total fixed supply of 2.1 billion. We expect that 60% of the total supply of Nodle Cash is going to be awarded to Contributors of the Nodle Ecosystem. Network Contributors receive 80% of the mined Nodle Cash and the remaining 20% go to Nodle and the Network Infrastructure. As of today the whole network infrastructure is run by Nodle. When the architecture becomes fully distributed, 10% of the mining will go to Nodle (in the form of a treasury for continued development) and 10% will be shared among the network infrastructure nodes.
The current effective circulating supply is approx. 100 Million tokens.

无现金分配
Nodle Cash的固定总供应量为21亿。 我们预计Nodle Cash的总供应量的60%将被授予Nodle生态系统的贡献者。 网络贡献者将获得所开采的Nodle现金的80%,其余的20%将用于Nodle和网络基础设施。 到今天为止,整个网络基础架构都由Nodle运行。 当体系结构完全分布时,将有10%的挖掘工作(以库房的形式进行继续开发)进行,而10%的挖掘工作将在网络基础结构节点之间共享。
当前有效的循环电源约为 1亿个代币。

Revenue Share
Once all Nodle Cash has been mined, Contributors may be paid through a revenue share based on the demand for data. This will be based on a formula similar to the Proof of Connectivity reward. At this point, Nodle Cash may be used to pay for connectivity, along with services associated with a global IoT network. At the current rate of decreasing data bandwidth costs, energy and edge computing resources may become the primary operating cost for maintaining wireless network infrastructure.

收入份额
一旦开采了所有Nodle Cash,就可以根据对数据的需求通过收益分成来向贡献者付款。 这将基于类似于连通性证明奖励的公式。 此时,Nodle Cash可以用于支付连通性以及与全球物联网网络相关的服务。 以当前降低的数据带宽成本的速度,能量和边缘计算资源可能成为维护无线网络基础设施的主要运营成本。

Network Services
The Nodle Network is designed as a general purpose communications network. Network Subscribers will be able to use the Nodle Network for many use cases, in this section we will discuss some of those. We have a long list of applications we want to bring to the network in addition to developing new features as demanded by our partners, Contributors and Subscribers.

网络服务
Nodle网络被设计为通用通信网络。 网络订户将能够在许多用例中使用Nodle网络,在本节中,我们将讨论其中的一些。 除了开发我们的合作伙伴,贡献者和订户所要求的新功能之外,我们还有一长串希望带入网络的应用程序。

Data communications
Upstream Mode
As part of their participation with the Nodle Network, Edge Nodes may be required to perform tasks related to data collection and routing for the purpose of delivering data to endpoints. This mode of communication is called Upstream, as data is flowing from targeted IoT devices up to the infrastructure.

数据通讯
上游模式
作为其参与Nodle网络的一部分,可能需要边缘节点执行与数据收集和路由相关的任务,目的是将数据传递到端点。这种通信方式称为上游,因为数据从目标物联网设备一直流到基础设施。

For instance, as part of the asset tracking service, Edge Nodes periodically scan for BLE devices and collect the advertised beacons to forward them upstream for further processing and routing by Network Validators. These data packets contain a public identity of the loT device (often represented by its MAC address) or a protocol specific identifier associated with a data payload (which may be included in the “Actual Encrypted Payload”). Once the packets are inside the Nodle Network, they may be retrieved by their owners or operators.
例如,作为资产跟踪服务的一部分,边缘节点会定期扫描BLE设备并收集播发的信标,以将其转发到上游,以进行网络验证程序的进一步处理和路由。 这些数据包包含loT设备的公共身份(通常由其MAC地址表示)或与数据有效负载(可能包含在“实际加密的有效负载”中)相关的协议特定的标识符。 一旦数据包进入Nodle网络内部,它们的所有者或运营商便可以检索它们。

Downstream Mode
Network Subscribers may be able to deliver data to their provisioned devices by pushing network packets to the Nodle Network, The Network will then commission Edge Nodes to deliver the data to the targeted devices. If the targeted IoT device is not directly within reach of one of the Edge Nodes, the network will cache the packet for later delivery whenever an opportunity for transmission is available.

下游模式
通过将网络数据包推入Nodle网络,网络订户可能能够将数据传递到其预配置设备,然后网络将委托边缘节点将数据传递到目标设备。 如果目标物联网设备不在边缘节点之一的直接访问范围内,则只要有传输机会,网络就会缓存该数据包以供以后传输。

Two-Way Communications: “Rendez-Vous Protocol”
The goal of two-way-way communications is to open an end-to-end session between an loT device and a subscriber endpoint so that the Nodle Network simply acts as a regular communication network, enabling communication going back and forth between the device and the server endpoints. For example, a channel could be established via the Nodle Network by targeting a device identified by its cryptographic identifier. For example, a two-way job may be scheduled to the Nodle Network targeting a specific loT device identified by its MAC address. Two-way communication channels would be billed to their users based on the amount of data exchanged. An Edge Node getting within range of the target device would then open both an upload and download channel using its BLE and 4G (or WiFi) interface and would act effectively as a simple proxy, forwarding the data back and forth. In the event the Edge Node moves away from the target device, it could be penalized and the connection would go through another Edge Node.

双向通信:“ Rendez-Vous协议”
双向通信的目标是在loT设备和订户端点之间打开端到端会话,以便Nodle网络简单地充当常规通信网络,从而实现设备与终端之间的来回通信。服务器端点。例如,可以通过以节点网络通过其密码标识符所标识的设备为目标来建立信道。例如,可以将双向作业调度到以其MAC地址标识的特定loT设备为目标的Nodle网络。双向通信渠道将根据交换的数据量向其用户收费。然后,处于目标设备范围内的边缘节点将使用其BLE和4G(或WiFi)接口打开上传和下载通道,并有效地充当简单的代理,来回转发数据。如果边缘节点远离目标设备,则可能受到惩罚,并且连接将通过另一个边缘节点。

It may happen that the targeted device is located in an area deprived of connectivity, in which case it would be impossible to open both channels simultaneously. In such a case, the two-way would work following the principle of delay-tolerant networking in which Edge Nodes would store and carry the data along, only to forward them whenever an opportunity for transmission is available.

目标设备可能位于没有连接的区域,在这种情况下,不可能同时打开两个通道。 在这种情况下,双向将遵循容错网络的原理工作,在该原则中,边缘节点将存储和携带数据,并且仅在有传输机会时才转发它们。

Smart Delivery
In this mode, Edge Nodes are missioned to perform a job at the edge and send only the results to a subscriber endpoint. Unlike two-way, smart delivery involves a session between a targeted IoT device and the Edge Node at the edge of the network. Only the result output of the session is later forwarded to the subscriber endpoint, either directly if an upload channel is available or following the principle of delay tolerant networking. In this mode of communication, the actions to be performed job may be described with a Nodle-specific bytecode or scripting language that would encode the transaction and run in a Nodle secure virtual machine on the Edge Node hardware, with the permission of its owner within the Edge Node.

智能交付
在这种模式下,边缘节点的任务是在边缘执行作业,并将结果仅发送到订户端点。 与双向方式不同,智能交付涉及目标物联网设备与网络边缘的边缘节点之间的会话。 稍后,仅将会话的结果输出转发到订户端点,如果有上载通道,则直接转发给订户端点,或者遵循延迟容忍网络的原理。 在这种通信模式下,可以使用Nodle特定的字节码或脚本语言来描述要执行的操作,该语言将对事务进行编码并在边缘节点硬件上的Nodle安全虚拟机中运行,并获得其所有者的允许在边缘节点。

Peer-to-Peer Communications (Phone to Phone):
The goal of these communications is to enable smartphones to exchange data, media, messages, or anonymous random identities for example to measure and record interactions among peers. This technique can be leveraging Bluetooth and the GATT protocol, which now have been widely used for most of the contact tracing solutions and exposure notifications systems like the one developed by Apple and Google (“GAEN”).

对等通信(电话到电话):
这些通信的目的是使智能手机能够交换数据,媒体,消息或匿名随机身份,例如测量和记录同级之间的交互。 该技术可以利用蓝牙和GATT协议,而蓝牙和GATT协议现已广泛用于大多数联系人跟踪解决方案和曝光通知系统,例如Apple和Google开发的系统(“ GAEN”)。

Geolocation-Based Services and Proof of Location
The Nodle Network enables many location-based services. In its current implementation, the Nodle Network is using the location of Edge Nodes to tag packets and beacons in order to locate IoT devices. This location can be further refined by applying various post-processing methods including algorithmic probabilities, signal strength (RSSI), time-of-flight algorithms, machine learning, and trilateration among others. This results in a time series dataset organized geographically geo-time dataset that powers a wide range of location centric applications such as asset tracking, route planning and optimisation, and various forms of geographical insights.

基于地理位置的服务和位置证明
Nodle网络支持许多基于位置的服务。 在其当前实施中,Nodle Network正在使用边缘节点的位置来标记数据包和信标,以便定位IoT设备。 可以通过应用各种后处理方法(包括算法概率,信号强度(RSSI),飞行时间算法,机器学习和三边测量法)进一步完善此位置。这样就形成了一个时间序列数据集,该数据集按地理地理时间数据集进行了组织,可为各种以位置为中心的应用程序提供支持,例如资产跟踪,路线规划和优化以及各种形式的地理洞察力。

Proof of Location
Each Edge Node is acting as a passive receiver, detecting a device within its wireless environment. The more dense the Nodle Network becomes, the more Edge Nodes can confirm the location of a specific provisioned device. A car, for example, could have its position confirmed one or several Edge Nodes. In that example, the car (or a driver’s app) can advertise, broadcast an encrypted identity and have its location verified by the Nodle Network.

In addition, Nodle creates a census of wireless devices that publicly acknowledge themselves. If the Nodle Network, for example, detects many stationary public beacons, these beacons can be used to further geolocate, and Edge Node Devices similar to how a GPS satellite passively broadcasts its identity (in this case a 1 byte Space Vehicle Identifier, amongst other data) can be used to further geolocate an Edge Node.

位置证明
每个边缘节点都充当被动接收器,在其无线环境中检测设备。 Nodle网络变得越密集,边缘节点就可以确认特定供应设备的位置越多。 例如,一辆汽车可以确定一个或几个边缘节点的位置。 在该示例中,汽车(或驾驶员的应用)可以做广告,播放加密的身份并由Nodle Network验证其位置。

此外,Nodle还创建了一个公开承认自己的无线设备普查。 例如,如果Nodle网络检测到许多固定的公共信标,则这些信标可用于进一步定位,并且边缘节点设备类似于GPS卫星被动广播其身份的方式(在这种情况下为1字节的太空飞行器标识符,除其他数据)可用于进一步对边缘节点进行地理位置定位。

Micropayments
As loT devices become more autonomous, we expect new ways to establish connectivity and transmit payments between devices will be required. Nodle’s long-term vision is to enable embedded hardware wallets within devices (at first for key generation and exchange, and evolving for payments). For example, shared electric vehicles will require a way to pay for charging, parking, and communicating with other privately-owned infrastructure. An example of this incredible demand for electric vehicles, charging stations, and modular battery packs is playing out in India, where 40% of all ride-sharing vehicles have commited to be electric. Nodle intends to use its ability to establish connectivity through the Nodle Network to natively exchange data, authentication, and payments between devices.

小额付款
随着LoT设备变得更加自治,我们预计将需要新的方法来建立连接并在设备之间传输付款。 Nodle的长期愿景是在设备中启用嵌入式硬件钱包(首先用于密钥生成和交换,以及用于支付的演进)。 例如,共享电动汽车将需要一种付款方式,用于充电,停车和与其他私有基础设施进行通信。 在印度,电动汽车,充电站和模块化电池组的巨大需求就是一个例子,印度有40%的乘车共享汽车承诺使用电动汽车。 Nodle打算利用其通过Nodle网络建立连接的能力来在设备之间进行本机交换数据,身份验证和付款。

Device-to-Device Transactions
Device-to-device payments (also known as machine to machine or M2M) involve IoT devices communicating between each other directly to transfer arbitrary information. This can take place over the internet or directly in a peer-to-peer fashion. Payments of any sort require connectivity. By solving the problem of connectivity, the Nodle Network Company seeks to enable these transactions on the Nodle Network

设备到设备事务
设备对设备付款(也称为机器对机器或M2M)涉及物联网设备之间直接通信以传输任意信息。 这可以通过Internet进行,也可以直接以对等方式进行。 任何形式的付款都需要连通性。 通过解决连通性问题,Nodle Network Company寻求在Nodle Network上启用这些交易

Commercial Applications
The Nodle Network is a communications platform, and we anticipate customers and partners will build applications on top of that network, much as users of modern wireless networks run a wide variety of applications on top of those telecom networks. Nodle has prioritized several applications and identified many other use cases and target industries which can benefit from access to the Nodle Network.

商业应用
Nodle网络是一个通信平台,我们希望客户和合作伙伴将在该网络之上构建应用程序,就像现代无线网络的用户在那些电信网络之上运行各种各样的应用程序一样。Nodle已对多个应用程序进行了优先排序,并确定了许多其他使用案例和目标行业,这些案例和目标行业可以从访问Nodle网络中受益。

These applications include:
这些应用程序包括:

1. Digital Contact Tracing (or Exposure Notifications Service”): Tracing the spread of communicable diseases, such as Covid-19. is a crucial tool in combating the spread of diseases globally. Traditional solutions are either highly manual or overly-intrusive into the privacy of those being traced. The Nodle Network enables a privacy-based contact tracing and exposure notification model that protects users privacy but enables enterprises and health agencies to protect their stakeholders. The networking stack and platform can be used for contact tracing applications and solutions. The Nodle Chain and its PKI infrastructure are used to provide secure and private test results directly to patients and users. This enables the creation of a privacy-first contact tracing solution for public institutions and the enterprise sector. The solution has been implemented by the Coalition Network Foundation and by Nodle with its social distancing wearable, the Nodle M1.

1.数字接触追踪(或“暴露通知服务”):追踪传染病的传播,例如Covid-19,是遏制全球疾病传播的重要工具。 Nodle Network支持基于隐私的联系人跟踪和暴露通知模型,该模型可以保护用户的隐私,但可以使企业和卫生机构保护其利益相关者,该网络堆栈和平台可用于联系人跟踪应用程序和解决方案。 Nodle Chain及其PKI基础设施用于直接向患者和用户提供安全和私人的测试结果,从而为公共机构和企业部门创建了隐私优先的联系人跟踪解决方案,该解决方案已由 Coalition Network Foundation 以及由Nodle打造的具有社交功能的可穿戴设备Nodle M1。

2. Healthcare and Pharmaceutical: The healthcare and pharmaceutical industries are highly regulated. The tracking of items like accessories and medicines has become a focus for enterprises and health agencies looking to ensure consumer safety. The Nodle Network provides a global, cost-efficient logistics monitoring network that can track the flow of pharmaceutical inventory, monitor local environmental conditions and provide secure audit chains.

2. 医疗保健和医药:医疗保健和医药行业受到严格监管。跟踪附件和药品等物品已成为寻求确保消费者安全的企业和卫生机构的重点。Nodle网络提供了一个具有成本效益的全球物流监控网络,该网络可以跟踪药品库存流向,监控当地环境状况并提供安全的审核链。

3. Consumer Electronics and Wearables: The Nodle Network enables users to locate lost electronic devices without having to rely on cellular service. By uploading a device ID, users can locate that device using a simple software app. Further updates to the network allow these devices to communicate with the cloud. The Nodle Network can locate consumer devices like headphones and wallets, or industrial machines like vehicles and mobile equipment. Nodle supports ready-made Bluetooth sensors, and trackers, along with most Bluetooth 4.2+ devices. Consumer electronics with Bluetooth (e.g. headphones, speakers, TVs, laptops, and smartphones) can all be discovered and located by provisioning the device on the Nodle Network. Two-way communications may allow Nodle Subscribers to remotely disable devices that may be stolen. Industrial Asset Tracking and Sensors Data: Asset tracking is estimated to be a USD $27.1

3.消费电子和可穿戴设备:Nodle网络使用户无需依靠蜂窝服务即可定位丢失的电子设备。通过上传设备ID,用户可以使用简单的软件应用程序找到该设备。 网络的进一步更新允许这些设备与云进行通信。 Nodle网络可以定位诸如耳机和钱包之类的消费类设备,或者诸如车辆和移动设备之类的工业机器。Nodle支持现成的蓝牙传感器和跟踪器,以及大多数蓝牙4.2+设备。消费者可以通过在Nodle网络上配置设备来发现并找到具有蓝牙功能的电子设备(例如耳机,扬声器,电视,笔记本电脑和智能手机)。双向通信可以使Nodle订户远程禁用可能被盗的设备。工业资产跟踪和传感器数据:资产跟踪估计为27.1美元

4. billion industry by 2023. Locating and connecting small sensors can provide greater situational awareness and improve efficiencies to industrial and logistics enterprises. Sensors gather information like status, environmental data, and usage, and then transmit information to the cloud through the Nodle Network. For example, the Nodle Network can monitor temperature and humidity sensors for food safety, or combined with analytics software can monitor machine health and provide alerts for preventive maintenance. In these ways, the Nodle Network can be used to reduce inventory costs and losses for perished or damaged items by optimizing first in, first out for goods in warehouses.

4. 到2023年将使全球40亿个行业受益。找到并连接小型传感器可以提高态势感知,并提高工业和物流企业的效率。 传感器收集状态,环境数据和使用情况等信息,然后通过Nodle网络将信息传输到云。 例如,Nodle网络可以监视温度和湿度传感器以确保食品安全,或者与分析软件结合使用可以监视机器的运行状况并提供警报以进行预防性维护。 通过这些方式,Nodle网络可以通过针对仓库中的货物进行先进先出的优化来减少库存成本和损坏或损坏物品的损失。

5. Metering Data: Low power, wide area networks (LPWANs) such as SigFox and LoRa are historically used for smart metering, Existing deployments suffer from high interference in urban environments, The Nodle Network’s high density of access points and smaller transmission distances can enable smart meters to transmit at lower power, lower cost, and with less interference. Bluetooth 5.0 standard will open up more industrial use cases, allowing metering with an increased range of up to 1 kilometer!

5. 计量数据:SigFox和LoRa等低功耗,广域网(LPWAN)过去一直用于智能计量,现有部署在城市环境中遭受严重干扰,Nodle Network的接入点密度高且传输距离短,可以实现 智能电表以更低的功率,更低的成本和更少的干扰进行传输。 蓝牙5.0标准将开辟更多的工业用例,使计量范围增加到1公里!

6. Two-Way Communications for Critical Updates: The Nodle Network can provide two-way communications uploading data from a remote device, and also downloading data from the Cloud to that device. This can provide important configuration updates, critical security patches and other forms of messaging. This can play an important role in protecting the Internet of Things and ensuring agile security responses to ever-changing security threats.

6. 双向通信以进行关键更新:Nodle Network可以提供双向通信,以从远程设备上载数据,也可以将数据从云下载到该设备。 这可以提供重要的配置更新,重要的安全补丁和其他形式的消息传递。 这在保护物联网和确保对不断变化的安全威胁做出敏捷安全响应方面可以发挥重要作用。

7. Smart Cities: The Nodle Network can provide street level data about metering, sensor data (e.g. temperature, humidity, UV index, radiation, air quality pollution, etc), foot and auto traffic. The Nodle Network can also provide weather data for high-resolution models enabling analysis at a resolution of meters and minutes (versus kilometers and hours for traditional systems).
7.智能城市:Nodle网络可以提供有关计量的街道级数据,传感器数据(例如温度,湿度,紫外线指数,辐射,空气质量污染等),步行和自动行车。 Nodle网络还可以为高分辨率模型提供天气数据,从而能够以米和分钟(相对于传统系统的公里和小时)的分辨率进行分析。

8. Population Density, Foot Traffic, Vehicle Density and Traffic: The Nodle Network can provide information on the density of loT devices in a specific location at a given time.

8. 人口密度,人流量,车辆密度和交通:Nodle网络可以在给定时间提供有关特定位置的loT设备密度的信息。

9. Messages, Notifications & Alerts routing: Each Edge Node in the Nodle Network can be used to route messages, notifications and alerts to the internet.

9. 消息,通知和警报路由:Nodle网络中的每个边缘节点都可用于将消息,通知和警报路由到Internet。

10. loT Devices Audit: The Nodle Network can be used to query existing loT devices in order to collect specific information

10. loT设备审核:Nodle网络可用于查询现有的loT设备以收集特定信息。

11. Proof of Location: Many services, such as ridesharing and delivery, require the position of a device to be confirmed by a third party The Nodle Network’s decentralized infrastructure can provide proof of a device’s location validated by multiple nodes acting as witnesses.

11. 位置证明:许多服务(例如拼车和交付)都需要由第三方确认设备的位置 当事人Nodle Network的分散式基础结构可以提供设备位置的证明,该设备的位置已由多个充当见证人的节点验证。

12. Ridesharing: The Nodle Network can enable the automatic, secure detection of passengers, which can initiate a ride and/or billing. This secure wireless identity can be associated with a designated seat or right of passage. Nodle can also improve location for vehicles. A distributed sensor network can be deployed to gather data on streets, like temperature and rain, to be used for route optimization and supply/demand prediction.

12. 乘车共享:Nodle网络可以实现对乘客的自动,安全检测,这可以启动乘车和/或计费。 该安全的无线身份可以与指定的座位或通过权相关联。 Nodle还可以改善车辆的位置。 可以部署分布式传感器网络来收集街道上的温度和雨等数据,以用于路线优化和供需预测。

13. Sharing Economy: Asset tracking, sensor upload, and movement of data can be combined to enable shared mobility use cases like bike-sharing or electric scooter sharing. Through Bluetooth, bikes can be unlocked, located, send status information to the cloud, and download software updates through the Nodle Network.

13.共享经济:资产跟踪,传感器上传和数据移动可以组合在一起,以实现共享出行的用例,例如共享单车或电动踏板车。 通过蓝牙,可以将自行车解锁,定位,将状态信息发送到云端,以及通过Nodle网络下载软件更新。

14. Agriculture: Agricultural loT is used to monitor livestock location and health, along with weather and soil sensors. Farm-based sensors can be aggregated to give insights on crop yields, environmental impact, and monitor consumables like water and fertilizer. The Nodle Network, paired with Bluetooth 5 on supporting devices, gives the range and bandwidth required to affordably and reliably deploy agricultural loT. Alternatively or in combination, the collection of data can also be performed using standard BLE 4.0 modules and flying drones.

14.农业:农业物联网用于监测牲畜的位置和健康,以及天气和土壤传感器。 可以汇总基于农场的传感器,以提供有关作物产量,环境影响的见解,并监控水和化肥等消耗品。 Nodle网络与支持设备上的Bluetooth 5配对,提供了价格合理且可靠地部署农用物联网所需的范围和带宽。 替代地或组合地,也可以使用标准BLE 4.0模块和飞行无人机来执行数据收集。

15. Automotive and Geolocation: The auto industry is looking at various ways to improve the location of vehicles. When GPS is not working or lacks accuracy in congested areas, underground or in tunnels, the Nodle Network can provide geolocation information by using anchors like beacons or fixed loT devices.

15. 汽车和地理位置:汽车工业正在寻找各种方法来改善车辆的位置。 当GPS在拥挤的地区,地下或隧道中无法正常工作或精度不高时,Nodle网络可以使用信标或固定的loT设备等锚来提供地理位置信息。

16. Indoor location: The use of beacons and GPS combined with algorithmic probabilities, machine learning and triangulation can produce very good results.

16. 室内位置:使用信标和GPS结合算法概率,机器学习和三角剖分可以产生非常好的结果。

17. Construction: Most construction environments are GPS-denied, metallic, and dynamic which means connectivity is next to impossible with existing technology. In other industries, sensors help an industrial team maintain safety, quality, and productivity but construction has been left behind because of solution scarcity. The Nodle Network’s delay-tolerant capability and smartphone-enabled solution bring to the construction industry a much needed technology

17. 施工:大多数施工环境都是GPS限制的,金属的和动态的,这意味着使用现有技术几乎不可能实现连接。 在其他行业中,传感器可帮助工业团队维护安全性,质量和生产率,但由于解决方案稀缺性,施工一直滞后。 Nodle Network的延迟容忍功能和支持智能手机的解决方案为建筑业带来了急需的技术

18. Insights and market intelligence: The Nodle Network can provide anonymized, aggregated data providing insights into real world economic data. The global market for “Alternative Data” and related analytics is currently estimated at $130bn, and is expected to grow to over $200bn by 2020.

18. 洞察力和市场情报:Nodle Network可以提供匿名的汇总数据,从而提供对现实世界经济数据的洞察力。 目前,“替代数据”和相关分析的全球市场估计为1300亿美元,预计到2020年将增长到超过2000亿美元。

19. Luxury Goods: The Nodle Network can provide location and authentication data for jewelry, watches, luxury brands items, suitcases and fine art.

19. 奢侈品:Nodle网络可以提供珠宝,手表,奢侈品牌物品,手提箱和艺术品的位置和身份验证数据。

Conclusions

As the demand for loT data grows exponentially, exceeding that of people, the Nodle Network will radically lower the cost of access. By creating a global, protocol-agnostic wireless infrastructure, Nodle believes that a network made for devices can improve the lives of people. We believe that a decentralized wireless network is inevitable. The Nodle Network is the first attempt to create a new economic model around connectivity, and how humanity and its devices connect the intergalactic computer network.

The Nodle Network proposes a solution to build the first layer of what could become an essential part of a Universal Basic Income (UBI). The amount of data generated by people and machines increases exponentially every year. Nodle enables anyone to benefit directly from capturing the value of this data.

结论

随着对loT数据的需求呈指数增长,超过了人们的需求,Nodle网络将从根本上降低访问成本。 通过建立一个与协议无关的全球性无线基础设施,Nodle相信为设备打造的网络可以改善人们的生活。 我们认为,分散的无线网络是不可避免的。 Nodle网络是建立连接性以及人类及其设备如何连接星际计算机网络的新经济模型的首次尝试。

诺德网络(Nodle Network)提出了一种解决方案,以构建可能成为通用基本收入(UBI)必不可少的部分的第一层。人和机器生成的数据量每年呈指数增长。 Nodle使任何人都可以直接从捕获此数据的价值中受益。

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